Evolution is a large thrill ride manufactured by the Fabbri Group in Italy.

It consists of four inclined pillars which support a revolving arm. On one end of the arm are some counterweights and on the other is a rotating hub which holds 10 cars. The minimum height requirement is 48 inches (120 cm) or taller. Portable Fabbri units break down on to two trailers. Set up requires around 5–6 hours for the ride's assembly. The original ride was manufactured in 1992 by Nauta Bussink (now Ronald Bussink). Bussink built only three Evolutions. Evolution formerly travelled the European circuit before it was sold to Six Flags Great Adventure in 1999 and relocated to Six Flags St. Louis during the 2002 off-season. The second one, dubbed Imperator, was sold to a showman in China. The third model is said to be in storage in the Netherlands. It was last seen travelling with the Dutch carnival company Magic Fair Attractions.

As of right now, only three Fabbri Evolutions travel in the U.S. One is owned by independent carnival operator Bishop Amusement Rides of San Antonio, Texas and travels with Ray Cammack Shows. The other Evolution is owned by Butler Amusements of Fairfield, California, and the third Evolution is Owned by Fantasilandia in Santiago, Chile.

The Gondolas Edit

The cars are able to tip back 90 degrees so that passengers are lying on their backs looking up. The arm makes a 360-degree rotation around its axis spinning the cars upside down to a height of 20 meters (66 feet). There are 4 riders per each car. The restraint is an over the head harness. Fabbri Versions have 10 cars seating 40 riders and Bussink models have 16 cars seating 64 people.

Variations Edit


Xcalibur at Six Flags St. Louis, a Nauta Bussink (now Ronald Bussink) version.

There are two manufacturers of the Evolution, Fabbri and Nauta Bussink make Evolution rides, however, both versions are quite different. The Fabbri ride is much smaller than the Bussink version which is sometimes referred to as the Giant Evolution. It has a capacity of 64 passengers per ride whilst Fabbri's only seats 40 riders. When the wheel is spinning in the air, the Fabbri model will either hold the seats upside-down or face down (depending on the controls) and the Bussink model will actually hold riders right-side up when the wheel is at the top.

Rotations Edit

Bussink Evolutions will normally only circuit once around like the Xcalibur at Six Flags St. Louis made by Bussink, while Fabbri versions will circuit around multiple times depending on the operator. But on the fair route Evolutions are known to go around between 3 and 5 times in a single ride cycle, Six Flags tends to tone down its rides.

Incidents Edit

On March 14, 2003, an Evolution ride owned by Jerry Payne, collapsed at a Fair at the Regency Square Mall in Jacksonville, Florida 3 people suffered only minor injuries. A police spokesman says the ride appeared to give way at its base as it was coming to a stop.

In May 2006, an Evolution ride at Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach was stuck upside down for seven minutes.

In August 2011 a 12-year-old boy fell 30 feet from the ride (named Excaliber 2) at Camelot Theme Park in Lancashire, UK. He survived after hospital treatment. The park is now closed but the ride has been resurrected at Pleasureland Southport.

Names Edit

Other names for the Fabbri Versions include Discovery, Excalibur, Excalibur 2, Terroriser, Obliterator, Superman (at Ulten castle) and Circulator. The Bussink version has also been named Xcalibur, Evolution and Imperator. The Bussink version is a pretty rare attraction as there are only three produced. Xcalibur is located at Six Flags St. Louis (formerly operated at Six Flags Great Adventure and prior to that travelled throughout Europe before being rethemed and sent to its current location). Imperator was the second model produced. It started out travelling the fairs in Europe until it found a permanent home in Vienna's Prater Park, until 2003 when it was dismantled and sent to travel the fairs again for the next few seasons. Imperator is now sold to China and has not yet been spotted anywhere. The third model is the most mysterious as it is the least known model of the three. It is believed that the third model in storage somewhere in the Netherlands. The Fabbri version is far more common and can be found at parks and fairs around the world.